Primary Energy Comparisons

Visualise Different Primary Energy Mixes

Each year, BP publish their “Statistical Review of World Energy“, including with it a comprehensive spreadsheet of data on energy use in a number of countries across the globe.

One fundamental question when looking at different energy markets is: “what energy sources do they use now?”. The answer is that different countries rely on very different mixes of energy supply; even when located in the same region of the world. Without taking account of the current energy mix in a country, it’s hard to draw any meaningful conclusions about how its future energy transition should look (i.e. what will be replaced, when and with what).

Using the BP data, I’ve provided – below – a quick way to view and compare primary energy sources for all the countries for which BP provide data. Select any two countries from the dropdown lists and you can see how they compare. In addition to individual countries, I’ve included “world”, “OECD” and “non-OECD” as selections too; in case you wish to compare developed to developing markets, or individual countries to the world average, for example.

Note that BP separate out “hydro” (i.e. hydroelectricity) from other “renewables” (including wind, solar, geothermal, bio and so on). I and many others would add these two together, in order to get a total renewable energy share.

If you click on a segment, it’ll show you a number, which is the underlying data point in units of “mtoe” (millions of tonnes of oil equivalent). Press “reset” and it’ll take you back to the default selections (which are OECD and non-OECD).


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